The symptoms of IBS include abdominal pain that is accompanied by alterations in bowel movements (defecation), primarily constipation or diarrhea. In fact, indigestion and IBS may be overlapping diseases since up to half of patients with IBS also have symptoms of indigestion. A third distinct functional disorder is non-cardiac chest pain. This pain may mimic heart pain (angina), but it is unassociated with heart disease. In fact, non-cardiac chest pain is thought to often result from a functional abnormality of the esophagus.
The pain of heartburn may move up toward the neck and throat. Stomach fluid can reach the back of the throat in some cases, producing a bitter or sour taste. If GERD is severe and unresponsive to medical treatment, a surgical intervention known as fundoplication may be needed. Any reflux is then relatively harmless as it consists of alginic acid and not damaging stomach acid.
Thus, there are functional disorders of the esophagus, stomach, small intestine, colon, and gallbladder. The amount of research that has been done with functional disorders is greatest in the esophagus and stomach (for example, non-cardiac chest pain, indigestion), perhaps because these organs are easiest to reach and study. Research into functional disorders affecting the small intestine and colon (IBS) is more difficult to conduct, and there is less agreement among the research studies. This probably is a reflection of the complexity of the activities of the small intestine and colon and the difficulty in studying these activities. Functional diseases of the gallbladder (referred to as biliary dyskinesia), like those of the small intestine and colon, are more difficult to study, and at present they are less well-defined.
Avoid wearing tight-fitting clothes. They can put pressure on your stomach, which can make the food youâ€™ve eaten move up into your esophagus. Because indigestion is such a broad term, itâ€™s helpful to give your doctor a precise idea of how youâ€™re feeling. Be specific about where in your belly you usually feel pain or bloating.
By keeping a daily record of what you eat, the time that you eat, and any activities that made your symptoms worse you should be able to correlate specific foods with episodes of heartburn. Medical assistance should be sought urgently if you experience severe chest pain, especially if accompanied by symptoms of shortness of breath, arm pain, dizziness, and/or cold sweats.
Just as with many of the symptoms of acid reflux, bad breath is caused by the movement of stomach contents into the esophagus, according to the Mayo Clinic. Since many people with GERD don’t efficiently digest food in the stomach, it can start to decay there and contribute to bad breath, according to a study conducted by the University of Greifswald. Other people might actually regurgitate small amounts of undigested food, which can lead to a more persistent unwanted odor. Acid reflux occurs when the sphincter muscle at the lower end of your esophagus relaxes at the wrong time, allowing stomach acid to back up into your esophagus.
- You might not even realize it, but you could be exhibiting some weird signs you have acid reflux.
- And, of course, when you feel full, you are less likely to overeat and therefore less likely to regurgitate whatâ€™s in your stomach into your esophagus.
- This test looks at the organs of the top part of your childâ€™s digestive system.
- Calcium helps to maintain the Ph balance and aids in proper digestion.
- Pineapple juice is another natural remedy to provide relief from acidity and heartburn.
- This can cause symptoms such as a burning chest discomfort called heartburn.
Donâ€™t lie down too soon after eating. Limit the use of alcohol.
One study found no adverse effects when acid reflux patients consumed coffee right after meals, compared to an equal amount of warm water. However, coffee increased the duration of reflux episodes between meals ( 31 ). Nevertheless, although several studies suggest that coffee may worsen acid reflux, the evidence is not entirely conclusive. These findings indicate that compounds other than caffeine may play a role in coffee’s effects on acid reflux. The processing and preparation of coffee might also be involved ( 29 ).
You might not need any treatment at all. Indigestion often goes away on its own after a few hours. But let your doctor know if your symptoms get worse.
This records your childâ€™s pH levels for 24 to 48 hours. During this time your child can go home and do his or her normal activities. You will need to keep a diary of any symptoms your child feels that may be linked to reflux.