Anganwadi centers are a basic unit of the Integrated Child Development Scheme run by the government of India and provide health care services to antenatal and postnatal women, adolescent girls, and children less than 6 years of age. Monthly prenatal check ups is one of the key health services provided by these centers. A total of 346 antenatal women were registered with all anganwadis covered by Davas PHC. All were interviewed and after informed consent was taken from each participant, they were included in the study. A pretested and structured questionnaire on sociodemographic information, obstetric details, and outcome of screening tests was used for data collection.

Subsequent publications of note included the southern highlands of Peru [69, 74] and the Peruvian Amazon region [41, 93]. liver disease.

Data Analysis Descriptive statistics were obtained to describe basic characteristics of the study participants. Descriptive statistics were also used to estimate the prevalence of alcohol and tobacco use. Inferential statistics were used to compare male and female substance use and for differences between UG and PG for age of initiation of substance use. Age of initiation was compared amongst two groups, greater than 16 years of age and 16 years of age or younger at initiation, and then further analyzed to assess impact on difficulty in quitting the habit. ChiSquare test was used to measure the risk associated with family history of substance use and current substance use and to assess the knowledge and attitudes towards substance use.

Our findings also contribute to a knowledge base from which to develop targeted tobacco control policies for university students. If we can establish a holistic approach for tobacco control in university level, the overall tobacco control movement in Bangladesh will be accelerated.

Most interestingly, quercetin can inhibit the expression of PSA and the androgen receptors on prostate cells, and holds potential for the prevention of prostate cancer. Only limited data are available on the pharmacokinetics of quercetin.

The biochemical measurements findings shows the mean and SD total triglycerides, cholesterol, HDL, LDL and fasting blood sugar were 187.5 ± 76.5, 198.5 ± 42, 39.16 ± 8, 122.3 ± 41.6, and 92.3 ± 39.5 mg/DL, respectively. Strengths of the Study As there are very limited number of studies conducted in the past involving pregnant women of rural India, this study can contribute significantly and provide a glimpse about health conditions of antenatal women in rural population of India. The current study also provided an opportunity to contact study subjects and identify some previously undetected at risk women who were referred for further evaluation and management.

3. Issues in the Globalization of Traditional Medicine

anthropologist Brown [107] has a chapter entitled “The Ethnobotany Blues” which documents high-profile projects launched in Africa and Latin America in the early 1990s. They were organized under the U.S. initiative known as the International Cooperative Biodiversity Groups (ICBG), administered by the Fogarty International Center for Advanced Study in Health Sciences, part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), with additional funding from the National Science Foundation (NSF) and the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID). Projects involved partnerships between American and host-country scientists as well as major drug companies, including Monsanto, Bristol-Myers Squibb, and American Cyanamid.

OGTT is supposed to be performed under clinical observation with laboratory set up. It also requires multiple blood draws for which the subject needs to be contacted more than 2 times and requires longer time duration (3-4 hours). As the current study is a cross sectional study with limited resources at remote rural area, the necessary time, human resource and financial resources were limiting factors for conducting GTT.

Understanding Dietary Supplements (Understanding Health and Sickness Series)

Ginseng is generally considered as an aphrodisiac (Robbers and Tyler, 2000). Active principles responsible for most of ginseng’s activities are believed to be ginsenosides (or panaxosides). These are a series of triterpenoid saponins. Ginseng root contains 2-3 per cent ginsenosides with Rg1, Rc, Rd, Rb1, Rb2 and Rb0 being the most important (Sticher, 1998).

The molecular mechanism is unknown. In in vitro assays, gossypol is a powerful inhibitor of lactate dehydrogenase, but it is not clear how this translates into the observed antifertility activity. In the 1990s, interest in gossypol was rekindled by the discovery of its antiproliferative effects, selective for cancer cells, and more pronounced for the (⫺) form compared to the racemate (Joseph et al., 1986).

Patented information then becomes a commodity in itself. In his book Who Owns Native Culture?

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