It is a commonly believed myth that most cases of excessive belching are associated with swallowing air or certain foods and drinks. However, this is not true as most cases of excessive belching are, in fact, related to diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
Complications of indigestion
If your symptoms are mild, you can try antacids, which neutralise your stomach acid. These medicines may also contain an alginate, which forms a barrier over your stomach contents to prevent reflux. If these don’t help, you may be able to try a proton pump inhibitor, which stops your stomach making acid.
Then, during the next hour or two, the stomach secretes acid and fluid, which mix with the food and assist in digestion. As a result, the stomach distends further. When the obstruction is incomplete, the food, air, and fluid eventually pass into the intestines and the bloating/distention resolves. Second, there may be poor digestion and absorption of foods in the small intestine, allowing more undigested food to reach the bacteria in the colon. The more undigested food the bacteria have, the more gas they produce.
characteristic symptoms. Heartburn and dyspepsia are often confused for one another, but they are two separate conditions despite regularly occurring at the same time.
Testing for lactose intolerance or a trial of a strict lactose-free diet should be considered. The physician’s clinical judgment should determine the extent to which initial testing is appropriate. The number of promotility drugs that are available for use clinically is limited.
- Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), sometimes called acid reflux, happens when acid in your stomach flows back into your esophagus and causes heartburn.
- Some people, when swallowing saliva to relieve heartburn, swallow air at the same time.
- It may help to know that although functional dyspepsia’s a pain, it’s not dangerous.
- This is usually because belching has become a habit or a tool for reducing abdominal discomfort.
- Any treatment you get will depend on what the cause is.
- Like oesophageal stricture, pyloric stenosis is caused by long-term irritation of the lining of your digestive system from stomach acid.
Many people, particularly those of African, Native American, or Asian background, have low levels of the enzyme lactase needed to digest lactose. Also, as people age, their enzyme levels decrease. As a result, over time people may experience increasing amounts of gas after eating food containing lactose.
This should help relieve your indigestion, because the H pylori bacteria will no longer be increasing the amount of acid in your stomach. If you smoke, the chemicals you inhale in cigarette smoke may contribute to your indigestion. These chemicals can cause the ring of muscle that separates your oesophagus from your stomach to relax, causing acid reflux. Being overweight puts more pressure on your stomach, making it easier for stomach acid to be pushed back up into your gullet (oesophagus). This is known as acid reflux, and is one of the most common causes of indigestion.
Self-help for indigestion
But flatulence can sometimes be caused by a condition such as constipation, irritable bowel syndrome or lactose intolerance. Wind and bloating are very common.