Indigestion can be a chronic condition in which the symptoms fluctuate infrequency and intensity. Signs and symptoms that accompany indigestion include pain in the chest, upper abdominal pain, belching, nausea, bloating, abdominal distention, feeling full after eating only a small portion of food, and rarely, vomiting. Concerns about the use of H2 antagonists and proton pump inhibitors are greatest during the first trimester when small drug-induced alterations in fetal development can result in major birth defects.
Antacids are one of the most common over-the-counter medications to treat heartburn. As with any drug, antacids should be used cautiously during pregnancy.
In this position, it is physically more difficult for acid to reflux into the esophagus. GERD symptoms are common during pregnancy. But they rarely cause complications, such as inflammation of the esophagus (esophagitis). Most of the time, symptoms of heartburn improve after the baby is born. Esophageal impedance testing.
Daily Health News
Tons of women feel the burn during pregnancy – heartburn, that is. Learn how to cope with these smart strategies for relief. Over-the-counter antacids may prove helpful in relieving your heartburn, but do not take antacids without speaking to your healthcare provider.
Early Pregnancy Symptoms and Signs
Visit our Acid Reflux / GERD category page for the latest news on this subject, or sign up to our newsletter to receive the latest updates on Acid Reflux / GERD. Pregnancy can also cause acid reflux due to extra pressure being placed on the internal organs.
Symptoms of indigestion and heartburn
Calcium products have been reported to cause rebound acid reflux on discontinuation [BNF 72, 2016], and rarely, excessive calcium intake can cause milk-alkali syndrome (characterized by hypercalcaemia, alkalosis, and renal failure) [American Gastroenterological Association, 2006; Schaefer et al, 2015]. This recommendation is pragmatic and is based on what CKS considers to be good clinical practice. Although dyspepsia in pregnancy is a common symptom, other treatments are available if symptoms are not controlled by self-care and lifestyle measures. It is also important to bear in mind differential diagnoses. The severity and frequency of gastro-oesophageal reflux symptoms are thought to increase as pregnancy advances, but these findings are not consistent in all studies.
Adverse fetal outcomes were not reported [Larson et al, 1997]. This study was not included in the Cochrane systematic review because of its crossover design [Phupong and Hanprasertpong, 2015]. Products whose principal ingredient is a calcium salt are widely available over-the-counter, but are only recommended by CKS for short-term or occasional use.
Second trimester symptoms include backache, weight gain, itching, and possible stretch marks. Third trimester symptoms are additional weight gain, heartburn, hemorrhoids, swelling of the ankles, fingers, and face, breast tenderness, and trouble sleeping.